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L’Internet des objets (IoT) : cas d’application

Internet of Things : Case Study

February 9, 2016By Patrick Bélanger
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Your fridge could yield!

Usage for the Internet of Things is very diverse and all use cases have not yet been identified. Simple examples such as smart refrigerators enabling us to grasp the essential elements of this paradigm shift that is still in its infancy. How great would it be if our refrigerator could order groceries over the Internet!

IoT in the transportation field

There are also more specialized uses such as systems for the transportation industry where small sensors allow constant monitoring of temperature, GPS positioning, transport vibration or the time lapse between stops. In this way, if a refrigerated convoy leaves Montreal headed for the Gaspé region and once in Drummondville the compressor breaks down (causing the temperature to rise), to avoid losing the cargo, the system will notify the driver that the temperature has exceeded acceptable levels. The transporter can then make the decision to turn around and return to the warehouse to ensure the order stays fresh before reaching critical temperature levels.

Though we have great examples of use cases, the true strategy for putting it in place is not yet complete. In our example, the system detected temperature change and human intervention chose the plan of action. With cloud computing, we can easily imagine the truck’s sensor conversing with a virtual server that will be asked to find the best possible solution. Knowing the state of the ambient temperature and the nature of the convoy, a hosting service could automatically make the decision to verify if a partner mechanic in Victoriaville is available to fix the problem, and if so, issue a purchase order for compressor maintenance. The server would then automatically send a message to the store owner’s cellphone in the Gaspé region, informing him there was a minor problem with the truck and that his order will be delayed by approximately 3 hours. Of course, if the repairs take less time than expected, the sensor and the server will continue the digital conversation by indicating that the truck is already on its way and that if traffic and weather are favourable it will arrive only 2 hours late. It would also be a good idea for the server to communicate with the systems onboard other trucks on the road mentioning the colleague’s breakdown so that if they notice temperature imbalance they can perform preventive maintenance to avoid affecting future operations.

Here’s how your business could benefit from it

In this IoT ecosystem example, we succeeded in:

  • Preserving the entire cargo with no loss
  • Automatically managing a request for maintenance
  • Notifying all parties concerned without human intervention
  • Offering a preventive maintenance model to repair problems before they spread to the whole team

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